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Tata Motors Ltd. (TATAMOTORS) Q4 FY22 Earnings Concall Transcript

TATAMOTORS Earnings Concall - Final Transcript

Tata Motors Ltd. (NSE: TATAMOTORS) Q4 FY22 Earnings Concall dated May. 12, 2022

Corporate Participants:

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director 



Good day. Welcome to Tata Motors Q4 FY ’22 Earnings Conference Call. I’m joined today by Mr. Thierry Bollore, CEO, Jaguar Land Rover; Mr. PB Balaji, Group CFO, Tata Motors; Mr. Girish Wagh, Executive Director, Tata Motors; Mr. Shailesh Chandra, MD, Tata Motors Passenger Vehicle Limited and Tata Passenger Electric Mobility Limited; Mr. Adrian Mardell, CFO, Jaguar Land Rover; and then colleagues from the Investor Relations team. Today, we plan to walk you through the earnings presentation followed by Q&A. [Operator Instructions]

I now hand over to Balaji to begin the presentation.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Welcome, everybody, and thanks for taking the time to attend the call. Going to the safe harbor statement. I want to take a minute on this to explain of a few changes that we have put through in the way we are presenting our numbers, post the subsidiary election of the — sorry, passenger vehicle and the electric vehicle business in India. Due to this change, the stand-alone business, which earlier had the PV and the CV businesses, now has just the CV business and all the debt that is there. So as such, other than for dividend reporting purposes, it doesn’t have much of a relevance in the overall scheme of things.

So, what we have done here onwards is to actually start reporting numbers on a consolidated basis. So accordingly, we have two segments in the consolidated results, one is the automotive segment and others. That does not change. And within the automotive business, if you read through our annual report, we would have talked about Tata-branded Commercial Vehicles, which includes all businesses that do commercial vehicle business in the world. And then, we have Tata-branded Passenger Vehicles, which includes all the PV, EV businesses as well as our design centers, TMETC, Trilix as well as the joint operation that we have with Seattle. So that’s the second vertical that we’ll report numbers on.

And then, of course, Jaguar Land Rover no change. Vehicle financing, no change. So therefore, this is a key shift that is there. And to help you understand our numbers as part of the bigger brand, you’ll also have the comparative numbers of the past also being given in the same format so, that you will be able to track ourselves better. So, this is a significant shift that we’re doing in our reporting, but it is just, again, the whole thing viewed as consolidated downwards rather than the individual business upwards. So that’s a big shift there.

Next slide, please. I would skip these slides for the interest of time because you’ve seen these slides. Most of them are in the press, and there’s a hell lot of activity that has happened in Tata Motors, on the electrification journey as well as the product launches that have been very, very intensive. All of these leading to strong results. Next page. And similarly, in JLR, where there have been a slew of action that have gone through. A particular callout is our announcement of science-based targets that we have for carbon emissions. That’s something even you should expect in Tata Motors also in the coming year or so. And again, all other actions are all in the press you’ve seen. So, let’s move forward.

So, if I were to summarize the entire performance of the business, we had committed to a sequential recovery in the business, despite semiconductor and inflation challenge, that’s exactly what we have delivered in this particular quarter. The business declined by 11.5% compared to last year, but at the same time, sequentially improved. And you will see that in the comparison versus the previous year as well as the Q3 versus Q4 numbers. And that’s something we’ll talk about as we go forward. The cash positive delivery in the year, in the quarter at INR7,900 crore. And of course, we delivered an EBIT of 3.2%, which again sequentially improved.

Next slide, please. The drivers for this particular performance, you would notice from last year than this year, the big drop is volume and mix. Pricing of almost 10.6% has been put through just to manage the inflation that we are dealing with. And as far as profitability decline is concerned, JLR, we are well aware of the challenges on semiconductors that we have had. But the big call out I want to leave you with Tata Passenger Vehicles, where I think this business has now delivered EBIT-positive, PBT-positive quarter, which is a big shift in the performance of our business. So, I think again, we had committed to, but I think we are delivering it much earlier than what even we had originally planned. And net debt, of course, comes down to INR48,000 crores, of which more than almost almost INR10,000 crores is just working capital related, which would reverse once growth comes back in JLR, almost entirely that is JLR. Next slide, please.

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Thanks, Balaji. Next slide, if you would do, please. Okay. So, this is cash flow positive in quarter 4 and profitability flat quarter-over-quarter. We get into the details later next slide, if you would, please. Volumes, obviously, constrained by semiconductors. You’re aware of that. We’ve taken our breakeven down to about 70,000 units in the quarter, underlying about 75,000 to 300,000 a year. Order bank’s grown again 168,000 units, increases in Range Rover and Defender once again. It’s worth being aware that within there, we have very few Range Rover Sports within that order bank. They haven’t yet been released under the new vehicle. EBIT was 2% as we said in the quarter, free cash flow, GBP340 million, up from the GBP164 million in quarter 3. Liquidity is strong at GBP6.4 billion, including GBP4.4 billion cash on hand.

Next slide, if you would, please. Okay. This is sales, quarter 4. Go to the right of the page, you can see there, 1% down on quarter 3. When you look at the model families, it’s really important to understand that the runout of our Range Rover provided in quarter 4 is significantly impacting those Range Rover family volumes. You can see it there in the header, 5,000 units down. All other nameplates, a little lower apart from Defender. But again, the cause is either model runout on Range Rover or supply. Our order banks are very, very healthy and growing. On a full year basis, down in all areas, apart from the Defender family again, which again is supply-related in those areas.

Next slide, please. By region, this one, so it actually shows the regional breakdowns within the quarter. You see them there actually U.K., North American and overseas were up versus the 3 quarter. Europe and China, down. China normally is because Q4 is — Q3 is a bigger quarter normally in China with the New Year kicking in place. But again, all of these numbers are impacted by supply constraints. And you see that within the growth of the actual order banks. Electrified units for the full year, 66% from 51%, 12 months ago. And again, those units, of course are constrained also.

Next slide, please. So this is our walk versus quarter 3. I mean, broadly speaking, the EBIT number is flat, GBP9 million loss in Q3, GBP9 million profit in quarter 4. A lot of happening in the walk, but these are things you should instinctively be aware of. Our guidance were higher 11%, in quarter 4 versus quarter 3 on a wholesale basis. But I’ve mentioned the Range Rover being down, and that significantly impacts our mix quarter-over-quarter. You can see there, almost GBP200 million. VME continues to be very low, again, a symptom of where we actually are in terms of demand being much higher than supply has continued to drop. Quarter-by-quarter, we probably met another level, it’s going to be until supply lifts.

Material costs, increases on commodities are starting to actually impact in quarter 4, but you see on the far right, the commodity hedges are offsetting it temporarily. G&A is higher as a result of introduction of the Range Rover, but we’ve offset that with efficiencies building more cars within the plunge you see there within inventory. And the other big callout on this page is not EBIT, but the revaluation of our dollar-denominated loans, obviously, is bad news there, minus 85. That will continue with the strength of the dollar into the first quarter, of course. Next slide. I should say the data is EBIT-related. It does ignore GBP43 million exceptional item, which we’ll reference later.

Next slide, please. Okay. So this is year-over-year. And again, given the message we’ve given you all year, this should be instinctive. It’s just the data around it. Volumes are down significantly, but we have a mix managed, where we could and where it was possible to do so into our most valuable products, you see a mix significantly higher. Huge improvement on VME year-over-year. We’ve talked about that often. And then, the contribution costs from a material cost perspective, that’s a cumulative amount as a result of the challenges in the marketplace now, inflationary pressures and commodity costs increasing. We’ve referenced capitalized engineering lots and lots of calls. That continues to be at a low point between engineers coming off our Range Rover products.

And before we actually get to maturity on a new reimagined architectures, EMA, of course, and Jaguar. Furlough not repeated year-over-year was a big year-over-year difference. And we are consciously investing more in digital and in IT, which is within the administrative expense. That will continue going forward as well. And I mentioned that revaluation number with the depreciation of sterling and the impact on our balance sheet, mostly on the loans, which is at best year-over-year. That will continue also. Total year EBIT was minus GBP412 million. The GBP43 million, which is actually a position we’ve taken on Russia at the end of March would have made an absolute loss PBT, GBP455 million.

In the next slide, if you would please. Okay. Look, our Refocus program continues to mature. It continues to develop value. We’ll get into that. Our half two FY ’22, this is underlying. It’s actually 300,000 units. And we do expect that to grow as our investments now start coming through for Range Rover and Range Rover Sport in FY ’23. We also expect it to grow because we will consciously now begin to invest more in the value generative side of our business, IT changes and in digital changes. And we also were at very low point in our marketing costs, FX marketing costs because of the order bank position. As soon as we start to build more cars, we will generate more sales and more marketing. So you should really think about this as our underlying, when conditions start to return to normality, will be 350,000 units or above, that’s what you see on the page there. That hasn’t changed for the last 12 months.

Next slide, please. Okay. Really important page to understand. This is our cash walk from the EBIT number to the free cash flow number. You can see in the middle there, look, these are things we’ve been talking about for three years. Our cash profit after tax has to be higher than our investment. And you can see it was in the quarter by GBP195 million. And we’ve hopefully put the full year data at the bottom there. You can see we’re underlying cash positive for the year by about GBP190 million on just 294,000 wholesales. That’s why our underlying cash position is some 300,000 today. With the working capital full year is minus GBP1.3 billion, which was greater than the free cash loss, GBP1.1 billion. You can start to see as we are building more cars in Q4, that working capital will come back to us. That will continue to come back to us as we produce more cars during FY ’23. So that money isn’t lost.

Next slide, please. Investment, we are at the low in our investment cycle, just GBP469 million in the quarter. We do need to spend more here as well, and we do need to speed up those investments. So please take this as a low in the cycle. Our intention is to be at GBP2.5 billion. We do need to cash back a little bit from FY ’22, so we’ll monitor that going forward, but we have no anticipation will be at these levels for following quarters. Our guidance for next year is still GBP2.5 billion, and we expect actually — now the engineers are moving on to those new programs. We expect that to be much closer to the actual number.

Next slide, please. Okay. Just a few business items. I’ll run through these quickly as well. You’ve seen the slides. Next slide. Look at the top of this page, you should be able to see pretty much anywhere in terms of the outlook for not only within this industry, but we’re across industries. Supply, mostly chips, but generally supply, COVID lockdowns in China, inflationary pressures in Ukraine, pretty much any company if they will give you a business environment would use those four icons at this pointers, yes, which is really good because historically, we used icons, particular to us, like Brexit. None of that anymore. We kind of have the same challenges, others have as well.

What you won’t see is the brilliance of the products that we actually have in the bottom there, the Range Rover Sport, the back view, we’ll show you the front view in a moment. Hopefully, you took the time to see the reveal on Tuesday night, the 10th of May. None of these orders are actually within that order bank yet. This is a stunning vehicle. Our order banks have grown 168,000 units. We got so much good stuff happen in the bottom, with just no room for the new Range Rover. All right. Our opportunity, if inflation continues because of the strength we have in our brands, Range Rover and Defender will be to do pricing, but our offset for that is really the Refocus program, holistic program, I’ve talked to you about that lot. We have a page later. Amazing performance in FY ’22 that will continue through into FY ’23 and the program we’ll get better.

Next slide, please. Okay. We did do better on wholesale. We’ve talked about a gradual improvement. We’ve talked quarter-over-quarter, that would happen. Production was actually 82,000 units in the quarter. So, we’re able to build our own wholesale stock by a few thousand units as well. So Q4 was a better quarter for us. We do have additional challenges in Q1, of course, with China and COVID, which we’re monitoring very, very carefully. So, we may flatline for a short period of time on that volume. It really depends on how quickly those issues actually close out within China.

Next slide, please. Okay. Ukraine, the sad events in Ukraine. Look, we focused on what we can do, our efforts on the humanitarian response. We have almost 70 employees actually within Russia, very loyal employees to Jaguar Land Rover, of course. We have 800 Ukrainian employees actually within our Slovakia plant and we focus a lot of time making sure that their families are brought together. And we’ve also given some Defender units, which, of course, are built within that plant to the Humanitarian Aid Federations, Red Cross, in particular. So that’s been a lot of the things that we can control and manage within the sad Ukraine position. We have taken a position on our Russian NSC, and that was the exceptional GBP43 million loss. Limited impact on supply chain for Ukraine, where there’s impacts we’re seeing. We are looking to actually look for alternative sources for those parts, given that it doesn’t seem to be an end to this terribly sad position in the foreseeable future.

Next slide, please. Okay. We haven’t talked to you a lot about China of late, and that’s because China has been doing better. Right? But given the China COVID, we felt there might be some questions around China today, so we included the slide today. Sales quality, of course, is discount in the market. And what we would have shown you 12 months ago, they improved to 11% while they just continue to get better. So, what does that tell us? There’s still a starvation of supply and an excess demand in China, and sales quality continues to fall. Dealer stocks actually, retailer stocks have stayed about flat over the last two years, an improvement up from a very high level on registrations, which again means locally, sales are happening, which is really positive and really strong profitability just on the vehicle sales here at 2.7%.

So every one of the key metrics we show in China, these are the same key metrics we will show when China was bad. We haven’t picked some good ones. These are exactly the same ones. They’re all super positive. So, the health of our China business is very, very strong. And yes, obviously, it’s been impacted by shortages of supply. And we in the U.K. and in China are impacted by shutdowns in terms of the supply of cars produced in China, which was the care point, I mentioned earlier through quarter 1.

Next slide, please. Okay. Order banks have grown. The beautiful Range Rover, we finally find space for it within the presentation, 46,000 units, that will increase 41,000 on Defender. Very few Range Rover Sport, old ones in that database. That 168,000 is going to grow as we go through quarter 1. Next slide, please. This is the beautiful Range Rover Sport. As I say, hopefully, you did have the opportunity to see the reveal on Tuesday. The — obviously, of the MLA platform. This is beautiful to drive as well as a Range Rover is beautiful to drive. It looks absolutely gorgeous in the color. The picture looks good, but you see that up close, it is just fantastic.

Electrification, we’ve talked about electrification of our Land Rover products from 2024, including this connectivity, improved capability of our EVA architecture in terms of connectivity. We see that within the warranty data as well, built locally to us in the U.K. I’ll just leave that there for two or three seconds for you to stare at before I take it from the page.

Next slide, please. The wonderful Refocus program, GBP1.5 billion in FY ’22 across pretty much all of the areas you’d expect us to focus on. A lot of activity in market performance continued into quarter 4 and will continue into quarter 1 and quarter 2, particularly that’s the antidote to shortages of supply, of course. We’ve got a lot of work to do on cost, including and mitigating inflationary pressures. The teams are very, very focused on mitigating those pressures and to help us, the digital transformation program, on both market performance and cost. We are getting much better and recruiting many more people to enable us to dive and see actually what’s happening beneath the billions of data sets that we actually have. And I’ve mentioned investment. We did make some investment savings. We are tough on non-product investment in the criteria, but we do need to spend more, and we will spend more towards the target going forward.

Next slide, please. Okay. So, one of the questions, I’m sure, is inflation. We try to be helpful here again as well, GBP12.5 billion worth of cost last year. We’ve identified the key areas of cost that we think is going to be subject to inflation, commodities, semiconductors, energy, labor. You can see it there, it’s about 20% of our total cost. So, what are we doing about it? Obviously, we’re trying to mitigate those claims, but also that’s why the Refocus program, in a sense, is there. It’s for efficiency capability, value generation, sustainable solutions, all of those things and the program is mature, and we’re confident over the course of a full year, we will offset those inflationary claims. The claims are hitting this early. So again, Q1 may be more inflation than offset. But over the course of this 12-month period, we’re very confident Refocus will offset the inflationary claims we’re actually seeing.

Next slide, if you would, please. Summary. Ongoing supply challenges, of course, compounded by the conflict in Ukraine and in China, mentioned commodity inflation. Volumes well, we think, grow particularly as we get through the launches, you shouldn’t underestimate, bring in a run out of a Range Rover and run in and run out of Range Rover Sport and run in, would in itself mean a slowdown of volume until we are ramping those up later in quarter 2. We’re increasingly confident of our short-term EBIT target in FY ’24 and beyond and also our cash targets as well. You see there the prioritization is exactly what we’ve explained already in the presentation. I think that’s the last slide, Balaji.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Thanks, Adrian. Moving to Tata Motors Commercial Vehicles. This, again, just to reclarify, this includes the Tata Commercial — all Tata-branded Commercial Vehicles than you have in the world as well. On to the next slide. I’ll leave the numbers out there. I’ll draw your attention to the powertrain mix, a particular callout as the penetration of CNG and EV that you are seeing in the portfolio with ILCV at 40% SCV commercial vehicle running at 38 buses almost entirely — I mean, actually, EV plus CV there as well. So it’s a significant shift in powertrain that we are seeing as the fuel prices are starting to increase and the launch of the SCV that we have done just now hasn’t come a day too soon.

Next slide, please. Really happy to report back that we are now increasing market shares across all segments, and that’s happening up for a long time. And we also believe that the normalization of the SCV will also help us from an overall mix perspective as well. But what really stands out is a testimony to the quality of the products that are out there in the market. And that’s being well-received as you’re well aware of.

Next slide, please. Financially, I think this is the performance of the overall CV, Tata-branded CV business delivered an EBITDA of 5.9% and an EBIT of 3.4%. And basically, the call out here is if you look at the revenue growth at 29%, significantly higher than the volume growth led by improved mix and pricing. So pricing has been playing a very, very large role. So, we have been increasing market shares and increasing price and improving sequentially the profitability. So, we are on the right track and that’s the trend that we intend to continue going forward as well. Obviously, the biggest challenges remain commodity prices. And therefore, that’s something we should keep a close watch on.

Next slide, please. This is the walk that is there, the big investment that you’re seeing in terms of fixed costs are all related to driving the growth of the business as we see growth coming back as well. Next slide, please. Sorry. One call out here, just go back to the slide, is the unrecovered price. If you recollect sometime back, we used to be calling out this out at 540 bps of negative unrecovered price that has come down. It’s starting to narrow as pricing is starting to line with the market. Next slide.

Girish, would you want to take that?

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Yes. Okay. Thanks, Balaji. So, highlights of the quarter 4 and the year gone by. So, while the industry grew by 26% last year, we were able to outperform with a 33% growth. So we grew our market share by 250 bps, and the good point is I think we were able to gain market share across all the segments, whether it is medium and heavy, intermediate and light, small commercial vehicles as well as the passenger segment. I think the commodity inflation did impact us through the year and the margins were impacted. But of course, we kind of scrape the bottom in the middle of Q3. And after that, towards the end of Q3 and Q4, we have been continuously improving with our comprehensive margin improvement plan and got a 510 bps improvement, both due to the margin improvement plan as well as the operating leverage.

Delighted to tell you that we’ve been able to grow our spares and service penetration consistently, and the penetration has grown almost 2 times in last four years. So we are sitting about 30% now in both spares and service penetration. We will continue with our product [Indecipherable]. So launched more than 80 new products last year, has also 120 variants that you will recollect. In the month of October, we, in fact, launched 21 products together, which was received very well in the market.

Looking at the bright spots, I think the truckers’ sentiment index, internal metric that we continue to track every quarter, is doing pretty well. In fact, both in medium and heavies and intermediate and light commercial vehicles, over the last three years, it is at the high now. So it’s consistently improving over the past few quarters. The medium and heavy commercial vehicle demand does remain buoyant on the back of infrastructure work being done by the government. And even in intermediate and light commercial vehicle, it does seem well due to growth in manufacturing sector as well as e-commerce sector.

As far as finance availability for medium and heavy retail customers, it is improving consistently. And in quarter 4, we have now seen the retail customers coming back into the market. Now this is one point which we have been calling out consistently that the retail customers are not there for M&HCV. I think the good point, they have started coming back, and that’s one of the reasons that the demand has firmed up in quarter 4.

Also, a good point, CV passenger, which is the buses and vans, have been doing very bad, so to say, for last two years. I think in Q4, the demand has started picking up, and we also see the trend continuing in Q1 of this year. Some of the challenges, we would like to call out inflation as one of the challenges to be addressed. But whatever fuel price increases have happened in the month of April have been compensated to some extent by the freight rate increases. In fact, one has seen the freight rates go up consistently during Q4, in fact, from the end of Q3, which has been improving transport or profitability. It’s just that the spike that has seen in fuel price increases has not been recovered fully. But otherwise, overall, I think the trend has been good, because of fleet utilizations and freight availability has been going up.

So we are watching the situation on overall inflation, in terms of fuel price increases and rate hikes, closely watching it. I must say that the pipeline for customers has not yet been impacted, and we see good pipeline in place even in the month of May. As far as on the supply side, commodities are inflating further. I mean we have had, of course, reduced impact in Q1 of this financial year, but in Q4, we had to give a good increase in the steel prices as also precious metal. But to address this, I think we do have a comprehensive margin improvement plan now in place, and we see a consistent improvement happening in the margins.

On the supply constraints, semiconductor still continues to be a concern in few products, in some of our diesel-powered vehicles as well as CNG-powered vehicles. But I think we have been able to manage this pretty well. We haven’t debottlenecking it by looking at various levers, various alternates and by also building some strategic inventory. And we think that I think, towards the end of H1 of this year, it appears that we should be able to address this to a large extent. I must also add that in this, we have been focusing on establishing the new prices, right? So, we’ve taken another price increase on 1st of April in Q1 of this year, and there has been a lot of push in the market to establish these new prices.

Go next. This time, I would also like to take a few minutes to explain some of the new areas that we have been pushing in the commercial vehicles. So first one amongst them is electric mobility. And within this, I think we operationalize more than 250 electric buses in last financial year, mostly in Mumbai, West and Ahmedabad, that is Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited. And now cumulative, we have more than 645 buses running on Indian roads with cumulative kilometers covered more than 35 million. And all this has been delivered with an uptime more than 95%. So, I think we are developing a very good experience in this domain. We also have received the fuel cell electric vehicle Bus order from IOCL this is for 15 buses, and the buses will be delivered over the next two years. But I think we are using this opportunity to develop this capability because we do believe that fuel cell is a very promising technology towards net zero pathway.

Lastly, in electric mobility, apart from buses, we’ve also forayed into cargo e-mobility now, with the launch of the Ace electric vehicle just a week back, and very encouraging response. I’m delighted to tell you that on the same day of launch, we actually were able to sign a memorandum of understanding with quite a few e-commerce customers and their logistics service providers, amounting to almost 39,000 units on the same day. So, this is a very good beginning and we are quite optimistic and positive about the small commercial electric vehicle.

On the entire mass mobility solution, electric one, so as mentioned, we have strengthened our play in the electric buses with own or maintain and operate model. So we are delivering service on a per-kilometer rate. So we have now more than 400 buses running under this vertical. And also delighted to let you know that we have emerged as L1 in the tender, which was quoted recently by CESL with a total quantity of more than 5,000 buses. So we have been focusing on building a lot of capability in this vertical both on the physical side as well as the digital side. So, developing capabilities towards flawless exhibition, depot management, and also digital capabilities to ensure that we are delivering the best operating efficiencies to the customers.

In addition to this, Balaji and team are working on what would be the right financial structuring for this business, as we go ahead. But we do see a very, very promising business opportunity in this area. On the digital front, a few things. So first is about a brief about fleet edge. So Fleet Edge is our connected vehicle platform in commercial vehicles, with an intent of enabling customers to manage their operations efficiently, bring down their cost, improve their asset productivity and finally, help them focus on their customers better. We have benchmarked this with some of the best-in-class platforms available globally and then built it ground up. Till date, we have more than 200,000 vehicles on this platform and 90,000 customers with an average engagement time of around nine minutes. And we have more than 75% monthly active users.

And the Fleet Edge data is now being used by our team, Tata Motors team, to offer insights on fuel efficiency to the customers. And therefore, this actually becomes a very good consulting, so to say, advice to the customers to improve their fuel efficiency and, therefore, operating economics as also manage, maintenance and, therefore, fleet uptime in better. So, we have come up with two new value-added services, which is fuel efficiency management program as well as uptime guarantee, wherein we are leveraging all this data to provide this value-added services. We also see that more than 100,000 downloads have been there from Google Play Store and a rating of more than 4 from the customers who have downloaded and are using this.

And I’m also pleased to tell you that Fleet Edge now has the highest number of BS-VI vehicles on the platform, way ahead of anyone else in the country. In addition to this, we’ve also launched E-dukan, which is our digital storefront for spare parts during last year. And we’ve been able to reach a lot of customers who otherwise were finding it difficult to reach our physical retail network. So delighted to tell you that in the first year itself, with cost revenue of INR100 crores, and we have very aspirational targets even for this business. So, this is in summary about the commercial vehicle business.

Balaji, back to you.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Girish. Next slide, please. I’m moving to passenger vehicles to the entire Kaziranga range that this got launched and received very well by the market. Next slide, please. Here, again, the numbers you have seen draw our attention to two data points here. One is the domestic market share in the last quarter, touching now 13.4%, consistently increasing. The other is the fuel of the powertrain mix that you see, where CNG’s penetration now increased to 9% and electric penetration now sitting at 7.4%, substantial shifts that you’re seeing in this one.

Next slide, please. Here, again, the EV market shares 87% for the full year, 94% for the current quarter. Charging infra is an area where the numbers are starting to move quite rapidly, and we’ll continue to keep pushing this higher and higher. Next slide, please. Financials. I think one of the key messages I want to leave you with is, this business has done a very strong turnaround. It’s increasing shares. It’s delivering growth well ahead of market. EBITDA breakevens now announced very strong, moved away from the breakevens of 6.9% kind of EBITDA. And it’s now an EBIT breakeven business, and we also managed to do a PBT breakeven and cash breakeven this quarter.

So this business is now well and fully on track. And this needs to be seen in the context of still significant challenges on contribution margins, given the commodity price increases that we have. So that’s something that we have to deal with but nice to see the momentum build up and operating leverage starting to come through as well. Next slide, please. This you’ve seen, I’m not going to talk about. The only reason FME numbers at the size or IPL numbers have to get provided for this quarter itself. That’s the only reason that is there otherwise, nothing new in this slide. Next slide, please.

Let me hand it over to Shailesh to quickly run you through the bright spots and the challenges.

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

Thank you, Balaji. Let me quickly, we have first a flavor of what the industry was in Q4. We saw the easing out of situation of semiconductor supplies in Q4 as compared to what we had seen in Q2 and Q3 of last financial year. So, there was a 21% quarter-on-quarter increase in supplies. SUV, as a trend, have been seeing continuous increase as a percentage of their share of TIV. And it increased by 8% to now 40% on the back of some new launches also, which happened during the year. As far as Tata Motors is concerned, Balaji already presented that last quarter, we increased our market share to 13.4%. And also, it was the highest ever sales both at a quarter level as well as for the full year of FY ’22 in our history of 22 years of being in PV business.

We also emerged as the #1 SUV manufacturer in Q4 FY ’22 on the back of four strong products, Punch, Nexon, Harrier and Safari. And Nexon for the first time in the full financial year FY ’22, emerged as the #1 SUV among 45 models that we have today. In Q4, EV sales touched 9,000 units, which was the penetration actually in quarter 4 of roughly 8%. And a market share of 94% is what we achieved during quarter 4. Talk about FY ’23, on the projections that we have seen from various agencies in our estimates point towards a possibility of the industry, surpassing the peak that we have seen in FY ’19 of 3.4 million. And this is on the basis that we had over the last two years, quarter 1 of both the financial years, FY ’21, FY ’22, we lost volumes because of COVID disruptions. And we are hoping that this year, there will be no disruption of that nature.

And also semiconductor, the situation might start easing out and it is on the basis of that assumption. Demand for EVs and CNG models are set to increase, and we are already seeing increased interest of customers in these two powertrains, primarily driven by, I would say, increase in petrol prices. As far as Tata Motors is concerned, we have a very robust booking pipeline. The booking generation rate has been increasing. The channel inventory has been low at 9 to 10 days for the entire financial year last year as well as we see inventory levels remaining low. Strong response we have seen for SUVs, the 4 SUVs I talked about.

In CNG, what we launched in Jan ’22 has also got some very strong bookings and is really all poised to grow well. We are also going for certain capacity debottlenecking actions to further unlock the next phase of growth that we have planned for this year. And EV demand remains very strong, and we are fast ramping up the supplies to really catch up with the demand, which is going exceptionally high. And in the last six months, we have already ramped up our supplies by obviously nearly 3.5 times.

Talking about the challenges. Girish also covered, the semiconductor situation is what is still very uncertain and is restricting us to tap the full demand potential that we have. Commodity price increase, there’s also one factor, which might impact the profitability. So as far as Tata Motors is concerned, certain electronic components will remain a challenge, but we are taking multiple actions to mitigate this risk in terms of creating alternatives, additional resources, close formation with semiconductor suppliers and at times, open market price also. And as far as cost is concerned, we will continue to innovate, focus on value engineering. And we have identified nine levers to improve our profitability in the next financial year. So that’s a quick update from the PV and EV side.

Back to you, Balaji.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Shailesh. Next slide, please. This we’re shifting gears to the Tata Motors CV plus PV together just to get a sense of cash flows. So just a comparison here. You would notice that the operating cash flows, the cash profit after taxes, ahead of the investment cycle and the investment plans and, therefore, its well-funded internally. And with the growth coming through the negative working capital is generating the cash flows that you see at an overall level. And we do expect to normalize this next year once the growth stabilizes. This is something that we should normalize. And we’ll also look at the amount of negative working capital that we can tighten that a bit, so that we are able to release some of that.

So that’s next slide, please. Overall investment. The only callout I have is we will be stepping up investments further between CV, PV and EV, both of them and EV for CV as well. And therefore, we expect to see anywhere between close to about INR6,000 crores of capex is what we’ll be spending in. But rest assured, FCF will remain positive despite the significant step-up in investment, no change in strategy there. It is deploying funds more and the growth coming back, we’ll be able to deploy it better.

Next slide, please. Taking a minute on Tata Motors Finance. You would notice this was an area of concern we had last time. The good news is that the collections are starting to improve significantly, and we are compliant with RBI PCA norms from corrective action. And we are — having said that, the ROEs at 5.4% is not something that we like. And therefore, we will be continuing to work on improving the market — the ROEs better by focusing on maintaining our market share of around 30%, reducing GNPA/NNPA aggressively for which the connection strategy is being recalibrated, in line with the new norms that are coming in from RBI from October onwards. We will expand NIMs further and accelerate the digital transformation and also create new digital ROA-accretive income streams as well. So the business is clearly on message and delivering on the strategy that they have, and we will accelerate that going forward as well.

Next slide, please. So this brings me to the last slide, which is basically the looking-ahead slide. The key callout I would want to make here is demand is likely to remain strong despite the geopolitical and inflation concerns. And given the strong order book, both in CV, JLR as well as PV, and Girish explained eloquently, the demand situation in CV as well, we do not see concerns there at this point in time. Supply situation is improving, albeit, gradually and commodity inflation is something that we need to raise likely to remain at elevated levels, it will be sticky.

And we do expect to deliver a strong improvement in EBITDA and free cash flow as we get to near automotive debt free by FY ’24. That’s the journey we are committed to. And as far as FY ’23 is concerned, the immediate first quarter, Q1 will, obviously, have the impact of the COVID-related China lockdown that are there. And this is something once that is behind us, the performance will improve through the year like what we have promised sequentially, it should start continuing to improve there as well. And of course, individual trust area is out there for all of you to see.

With this, let me now hand you over to take any questions that you may have.

Questions and Answers:

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Okay. The question queue has already built up. Let me now first start with the most obvious question, Jinesh Gandhi from Motilal Oswal. “Can you please provide India pro forma P&L to make it comparable as to stand-alone? And also, would it be possible to share the PAT of CV and PV business on a quarterly basis?” Jinesh, I think we are moving to a consolidated down because it is not — it is meaningless to look at the stand-alone number or just a CV minus interest rate. And therefore, I wouldn’t want to do a pro forma. I would rather encourage you to move to the new mode. You already have full comparison across time. We are anyway giving it to you. So definitely, we would encourage you to look in that direction. And from a materiality perspective, the CV business in India is something which is quite large, is a dominant segment there, and PV is almost entirely in India. Therefore, it is pretty comparable to what it used to be in the past. But it is something that we would want to encourage you to move towards this consolidated. Let me then move on to the other questions that you may have. Again, Jinesh Gandhi, I think — on JLR, Adrian, would you want to take this call? “FY ’23 target of EBIT, 5%, and FCF of GBP1 billion is based on what kind of volumes? And do you expect this mix to normalize in first half FY ’23 or phase out of our support, will it restrict the mix normalization in the second quarter or third quarter?”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes. Thanks, Balaji. So we do expect volumes to increase, particularly as our Range Rover and Range Rover Sport products come through. You won’t see a full year number this year, which is as strong as we run out the year. You won’t see that. But I can model 5% in GBP1 billion cash flow on a series of volumes because we will actually target the volumes, which is highest value. So it will be higher after quarter 1, quarter by quarter towards the end of the year. I’m not going to give you a number because actually, I don’t know when COVID is going to close in China, and I don’t know when the semiconductor is going to improve. But let me reassure you, there’s a variety of volumes the way we’re doing this, which will enable us to get to 5% EBIT and free cash flow of GBP1 billion going forward, but it would need to lift in the second half of the year.

Expect mix to normalize in half 1? No, I do not. No, I do not. That’s a phase-in, phase-out and expect the phase-in, phase-out period to be half 1, quicker on Range Rover, slower on Range Rover Sport. They’re three months behind each other. So you’re really going to have to start to see quarter three data for us to talk about what the new norm actually is. And hopefully by then, the China position is closed down and our semiconductor position has eased as well. I did say to you in February ’21, it’s 18 months before we saw a version of normality. The reason why I said that was because of the running rate of those two products. So you won’t actually see that come through until second half of the year.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Yes. And the last one is on the consolidated cash flows. “How do you plan to raise FCF for GBP480 billion in two years to a 10-year net debt zero by FY ’24?”

Let me take that question. I think, two pieces here. We are seeing anyway, the three ways in which we intend to look at our cash flows, primarily being FCF. Second is monetizing in non-core and any residual equity, if at all thereafter, we need, we look at it. The strategy doesn’t change. Obviously, we fundamentally weighted towards free cash flows. And you would notice even this year, the free cash flow is basically working capital. That is the one that has drained us. And as growth comes back sooner to Tata Motors, we do expect to see JLR to restore its numbers as well. Adrian has already talked about $1 billion cash flow in the current year. And as growth picks up, that numbers will pick up even further. So we are quite comfortable that this plan that we have put out there, that’s the reason we are reiterating it. And that is something that we will deliver as well.

Moving to the next question. Just give us a minute please to get our technology sorted. One minute, please. Okay. PFs are facing — who’s this one? Okay. This is from Pramod, UBS. “PFs are facing headwinds with customers opting for BEVs. EU March quarter BEV plus 3% was minus 5% of PFs and regulators scaling back support, with Germany phasing out incentives and Shanghai imposing license restrictions. How does it affect our (Indecipherable) in the market given JLR’s high dependence on PF in 2024?”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Look, PF in BEV total in Q4 was 14%. So, it is increasing. We anticipate that to continue until the full BEV offerings actually arrive in two years’ time. We expect to have BEVs and our PF combination to double over the next three years and then double again over the following five years. So, we do actually see, and we do have a lot more demand than that order bank for PF units. So, what you’re suggesting here is actually within the data set that we have today. They are constrained like other products by shortages in supply.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Okay. Thanks, Adrian. Rakesh from BNP Paribas. “GBP500 million of lower investments in JLR compared to the planned levels. Where is the cutbacks being made? And will that not be needed to be done in FY ’23, implying higher capex seen in FY ’23?”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes. There’s a mixture of reasons why the GBP500 million is down, as I say, some was an undefined spend. And we have quite critical determinations for what we allow returns on investment. Some will be caught up as we go into FY ’23. Whether that means we’ve reached $2.5 billion within that catch-up in FY ’23 or in FY ’24, I’m not certain yet. But there is a sum of that cash back, which we actually need to do. And we have no intention of saving money in areas that we need to spend.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Okay. Thank you. The next is from Prateek Poddar, Nippon AMC. Question to Girish. “Recently, Tata Motors was L1 in the CES in tender. Can you please explain the unit economics of the order, the rates quoted were extremely competitive and very close to high counterparts on a rupees per kilometer basis?”

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Yes. So Prateek, I mean, I would like to give some context. See, we have been operating almost 3,000 buses in Delhi for the last 10 years, right? And many of these buses have covered more than 0.7 million kilometers, but they still operate with 95% uptime on a daily basis. So, we have a huge amount of experience over these 10 years under our belt, which we have distilled into wisdom amongst the people. So, when this — in addition to this, I think we have been into this electric bus market now almost for two, two and half years with buses being run over six cities.

So, all this experience has been put together, and we actually assembled a team of almost 100 professionals, and they look at each and every cost element, which goes into forming the rate of rupees per kilometer. And we looked at optimizing each and every cost element bringing in efficiency in each every cost element. And then finally, we’ll be able to come to the most efficient kind of a number, which we have quoted. And we are quite confident to not just deliver on this but also to make money at the rates at which we have quoted. So, I think there is a humongous amount of work which has gone behind quoting this and experience of almost — experience and wisdom of operating buses for almost 10 years. Balaji?

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Yes. Thanks, Girish. Next question, Thierry, this is coming your way. This is from Pramod Amthe, InCred Capital. “Considering uncertainties of supply chain and commodities, what gives the management the confidence to give an absolute value guidance for JLR? And the second question is, good to see an increasing order book, but how has that order cancellation trend been in recent months as new EV capacities are being created in Europe?” Thierry?

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

Thank you, Balaji. Yes. Concerning the first point, I think we — of course, the uncertainty run is quite big. At the same time, we can see gradual improvements quarter after quarter even if the speed is actually not the one we would expect, the reality of the actions that we are performing better and better is giving us the confidence that we will continue on that trend and hopefully accelerate. That’s the first element. And concerning the robustness of the guidance, I would say, that the desirability of our products is such that cancellations almost non-significant as a fact.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

“From December into March end, we have seen an increase in JLR inventory as well as retailer inventory. How we explain this given such a strong order book?” Adrian?

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes. Look, I see this as a really healthy sign because we’ve got several things we need to do here. One of them is to refill the pipeline. And over the last six months, we fill it about 15,000 units back into the pipeline. I’d expect this trend to increase and to continue. You need to think that our footprint is global. It can take us 90 days to get a car to a wholesale point or two days. It depends on where they’re going. So our intention is to refill the whole pipeline. You will see inventory increases. Once we start getting up in total from the 66,000 units today, 30,000 we own, 36,000 the dealers own to around 90,000, then the health of our pipeline would have been rebuilt. It’s going to take a few quarters and along with that sum, resupply position we’ve talked several times, but this is a good and a healthy sign.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Okay. Maybe I’ll take Kunal Bhatia’s question from Dalal and Broacha. “Working capital requirement is expected to increase in JLR with the pickup in volumes and activity?”

I don’t think so because it’s a negative working capital business. So therefore, actually it generates cash as working capital as business growth comes in. So, you don’t need to worry about that. EBIT margin’s target for ’23, ’24, ’25, you’ve talked about ’24 and ’26 and FY ’23, you’ve have talked about 5%, so most of the numbers are there for you, from that perspective.

Let me then, Kapil Singh, Nomura. “Congrats on the team on a strong performance. JLR, what’s the volume outlook for first quarter FY ’23 and ’23 forecast? Any broad range will also help, one. And how do you see ASP in FY ’23 versus FY ’22 in India side?” Let me come to that Shailesh its coming to you way subsequently. Address the first question, Adrian?

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes. No, quarter 1 is going to be a difficult quarter because of China. Let’s see if we can continue the gradual improvement. FY ’23 will be stronger than FY ’22. But the big things, again are Range Rover changeover, Range Rover Sport changeover, China COVID, a little bit of Ukraine for us and then the semiconductor pieces. And as they start to lift, you will start to see the volumes lift in our order bank stabilize.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Shailesh, your way. “How do you see the selling price in FY ’23 versus FY ’22 for India PV? What’s your order book and monthly order inflow for EVs and overall? And how much percentage production loss do we have due to supply constraints in April or May? And how many EVs have you launched?” He’s gone one after the other. Kapil.

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

So maybe let me attempt the first one. It’s very difficult to really assess what will be the change in ASP, especially because of how the commodity situation is going to play out. And therefore, the extent of price increase that we are going to take. But from a mix perspective, I would say, it would be pretty much in line with the mix that we have seen in Q4 and the realizations that we had. It will be pretty much in those lines and additional price increases that we might take. So that is the kind of guidance I can give at this stage.

As far as order book and monthly order inflow is concerned for same EV and overall, okay, so for overall, I would say it would be about 3 to 3.5 times of our monthly supply rate. For EVs, it would be about five months is — I cannot give you the exact number for sensitivity reasons. How much percentage production loss do we have due to supply constraints in April or May? Not ready to talk about May, but as far as April is concerned, I would say that we have been growing. We have — if you see month-on-month, we have been growing as far as our supplies are concerned, and we were able to still hit the number of 41,000 to 42,000. But in terms of what we could have produced, based on the capacity and the order book that we had, I would say it would be still a 10% loss, which would have 10% to 15% loss that we would have incurred in terms of the supply constraints that increased in April. How many EVs we’ll launch in FY ’23? We have launched one yesterday. We have already mentioned that in the next five years, we are going to launch 10 products. So, you can expect two products, at least, in every financial year is what I can say.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you, Shailesh. Adrian, this is coming your way. “You appear to be losing retail market share in most of the developed markets. I understand that with semiconductor issues market share dynamics are different. But such low market share will it not impact the brand?” Adrian or Thierry, any of you, actually.

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

Well, I think, it is clear that we are impacted more than some of our competition for many reasons that we have also developed. I remember in some of the previous meeting we had together. And we are mitigating that with a big array of actions, especially in some long-term strategic agreements, which are helping to make it such that we have a much better allocation. So that’s why gradually, we are improving the situation. So yes, for sure, we are losing some market share.

At the same time, the impact on the brand is maybe at the contrary, higher desirability because scarcity is creating that desirability to be even higher to extent, which are sometimes a little bit incredible, but we are even surprised. We should maybe not, but we are because of the incredible appetite of the customers and clients for our products, and we cannot supply enough. So, the brand to a certain extent, is even boosted towards modern luxury at higher level than we expected and faster.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Yes. Thierry, maybe the next question also to you, coming in from Sonal Gupta, L&T Mutual Fund. Visibility, we have talked about, let me not put you that. I think this is an interesting question. “How much improvement do you expect driven by auto net sourcing by reprogramming, redesigning vehicles for other chips assuming existing supply levels don’t change from FY ’22 levels and your plans for that?”

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

It’s a very interesting question because we are at the heart probably of some differences we have with our competitors. Our products are super complex. We know that we have chips, which are very sophisticated. Very often, they are proprietary chips. So, the alternatives are much more difficult or longer to put in place to redesign with our Tier 1s or directly with some of our chip suppliers. We are already working hard on that angle as well along with, as you understood, with the creation of an incredible intense and fruitful dialogue with our suppliers. Not only to one, but of course, even more with our chip suppliers. So for the level of attraction that we are creating for us, especially now that we are sourcing new businesses is making such, that we are as well improving the short-term supply just because of the huge interest that we are creating for them. And that’s the way we are improving the situation by having all these parallel actions together.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Thierry. Again, from Sonal to Girish, this is coming your way. “What’s the plan for CNG on side of any commercial vehicles?”

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Right. So, Sonal, I think on CNG, the balance has to be done between the range and the [Indecipherable] because for higher range, I mean, generally heavy commercial vehicles are meant for longer-range use, and therefore, they need longer range. And knowing the retail infrastructure of CNG, I think you essentially you need longer range. So we have been selecting applications where the range requirement is lower and bringing in products where, so you would have seen small commercial vehicles, mostly used for intra-city applications, intermediate and light commercial vehicles, also, intra and to some extent, inter-cities, so there, we have seen a very good penetration of CNG. We are certainly looking at some applications even in medium and heavy commercial vehicles, where it makes sense to move towards CNG and sufficient range is available without compromising on the payload. And you will see some action coming from our side in CNG you will see. But we are quite clear that this movement towards alternate fuel is here to stay because it makes sense for the customers as well as for the country at large.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Girish. Question to Adrian from Chirag at Edelweiss. “Can you give a production range that you can achieve in Q1 and Q2 based on current visibility, acknowledging that it can change?” Adrian?

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes, sure. So I’ll go back to what I’ve said before, actually, rather than give you any numbers. Quarter 1, it’s going to be difficult to lift quarter 1 because of the China position, the Range Rover position and the Range Rover Sport position. We do expect some of those things, particularly our Range Rover to actually increase production as we go out of quarter. One, Range Rover Sport, new start production at the end of quarter 1, so it’s reasonable to assume Q2 will be stronger, standing down developments in China, of course.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. The next one, again from Chirag. “Run down a new launch impact of Range Rover Sport, is it restricted to Q1 or H1? And as an extension, can we expect normalized volumes of 15,000 a quarter for Range Rover? There’s only 5,000 in Q4, impacting ASP.”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

So rundown is Q1, ramp-up is Q2, will impact both quarters and the first half of Range Rover Sport. On the Range Rover, I’ll say to you what I said two years ago on Defender. I said then 5,000 units a month is a healthy benchmark for us. And we’re pretty certain it would be significantly higher than that if we could build them today. So, on Range Rover, I’m going to say, yes, you’re probably right, 5,000 a month is a healthy baseline for us. And if you then back load that into 50,000 orders that we have today, that would suggest we were flat out on the planet, sold out for 10 months. That’s telling you it’s likely to be higher than that as well.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. “For JLR and CV business, how do you see the emerging traditional demand headwinds, inflation, tightening liquidity? In the past, these headwinds had an impact and a significant impact on EBITDA.” So maybe JLR, I’ll pass it to you, Adrian; and Girish, CV coming your way.

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes. Look, all of the things you’ve listed here are the things that you would expect us to impact this year’s results. I’ll reference what I said earlier on inflation, we think that Refocus program is strong enough to eliminate that and across all of the headers that we actually have. So yes, inflation will impact, but we expect the offsets to actually be in place and zero out as that problem for us this year. The real big thing, again, is that the amount of volumes we are able to produce very healthy sales. You saw that in China but across the piece, VP will be strong again in FY ’23. It really is all about the volume position.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Same question to Girish, your way.

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Yes, so in the commercial vehicles, let’s look at the customer profitability first and then the company margins. As far as customer profitability is concerned, I think more than interest rate, it is the fuel price, which has a bigger impact. So if you see the operating economics of a transporter, the impact of fuel price is almost 2 times to 4 times that of the interest rate hike. So we’ll be more concerned about the fuel price hike and then followed by, of course, the interest rate hikes.

Now demand is always dependent on what is the kind of balance or imbalance which is there between headwinds and tailwinds. As of now, we see good tailwinds in terms of availability of freight for transportation. And therefore, until now at least, whatever headwinds have been there in terms of fuel price and interest rate hike seems to have been overcome with freight rate increase. But as I said in the beginning, we are keeping a very close watch on this because this balance is very important, and then we will keep a track of this. Now coming to our profitability, I think we have spoken often that steel price increase has the largest impact on the CV profitability. And this is something that we’ve been watching and also having our own actions to reduce the impact of the steel price in general.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Girish. The next one is from Amyn Pirani, JPMorgan, on China. “We have discussed the supply chain issues on account of China lockdowns. Is there a risk of demand getting impacted due to the disruption in economic activity? And can you share any latest trend for April and May in terms of order intake in china?” Thierry?

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

I think the impact is massive as we speak for all brands for the global industry. My orders of magnitude for the last month is for the industry is about minus 40%. And on the premium side, it’s even more than 50% decrease for all brands included. So that’s the normal situation because the traffic in show rooms is almost zero because people cannot get out of their homes. The situation in which part of the country, but a significant part of the country is such that, I think, people are thinking about other things than buying a new car at the moment.

However, as soon as the situation is going to come back to normal, the appetite to catch up, and we can see that with all the contacts we have, and all the insights we have in the country is absolutely massive. And by the way, it’s happening in many countries. When we get out of COVID, suddenly, people want to travel. Suddenly, people want to enjoy life again, and buying a new car is part of that. So I have no real concern, except that we expect the country to recover as quickly as possible.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Thierry. The next one is from Kapil Singh, Nomura. “Tata Motors has a significant volume rack of plans for EVs, for PVs, for buses, for CVs. What kind of synergy — what kind of advantages can these give from a synergy perspective?” Shailesh, Girish, to both of you, actually.

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

Maybe I’ll start and then Girish can add. So we have really looked at each of the segments in CVs as well as PV. Fleet as well as the PV segment, and we are trying to see where the potential synergies can be in the area of motor as well as in the area of batteries. Batteries, especially the chemistry that we would like to choose, the form factors as well as the C rating because of the fast-charging capability and all. Pieces as we have certain areas where we have seen convergence, especially, let’s say, for example, as CVs and the fleet segment and PV where there are certain commonalities that we have seen in the low-voltage category. And over a period of time, we have taken a view of next four, five years. And we clearly see certain alignments as far as for the choice of chemistry is concerned. So it’s an ongoing exercise as we are growing, we are expanding different segments, require different kind of choices to be made, different power ratings, and therefore, there are areas of synergies, but also areas where we have to be different. Complete interest.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Girish? Covered?

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Completely addressed.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Okay. Fair enough. The next question, I would take. “How are we planning to secure battery supply for such large volumes?”

As we had indicated earlier, I think there’s clearly a plan for — from a Tata Group perspective to look at setting up battery facilities. We have consciously and we discussed this last time. We have not applied for PLI because we formed the conditions to be onerous. At the same time, we are very clear that this is something that we will want to set up. So plans are in progress. And as and when we are ready to share them, we will do so. In the meanwhile, there are clear plan — or in the intermediate period now and until the time the factory comes up, traditional battery sourcing strategies are being implemented.

Shailesh, next to you from Raghavendra, ICICI Securities. “Can you please share current EV production capacity? How to see that?”

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

See, earlier when we had started our EV business, we had an off-line arrangement of fitting the EV powertrain. So there, we used to have an issue of capacity, which was limited to start with. But for all our products, now we have integrated in our main assembly line. So literally, we can fully convert the ICE capacity into EV. So internal capacity is not an issue. As far as certain supplier capacity and certain component capacity is concerned, we have enough headroom than what we are supplying right now. We have also come with a very comprehensive plan based on the volume projections that we have to add new lines in the area of battery packs, the bright line and power electronics items. So as far as capacity is concerned, we are absolutely on track, something which is really stopping also restricting us to unleash the full potential of demand that is out there is the issue of semiconductors.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Thanks, Shailesh. The next question is from Gunjan Prithyani, Bank of America. “On JLR, can you give us some color on the commodity hedges that JLR has? And how do we expect commodity inflation from metals to flow through to P&L?”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

Yes, thanks. So I’ll refer you back to Slide 9 in terms of the actual position. The material cost was down GBP80 million quarter-over-quarter, and our hedges were up GBP82 million, but those hedges are running off. And in terms of our specific exposure within there, aluminum is our biggest exposure. And I think over the course of the next 12 months, we have about 25% of that hedge. More of it in the short term, less in the second half of the year. So, if this continues into the second half of the year, we will certainly be more exposed. But again, I refer to what I said earlier. We expect the Refocus program to offset all of our inflation across, including the increases in commodity costs in FY ’23, may not land evenly by quarter. But we certainly, over the course year, will offset all of these costs.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. Our next question again to you. “VME has come down below 1%. Do we expect these low levels to sustain through the financial year ’23? How should it pan beyond that?”

Adrian Mardell — Chief Financial Officer – Jaguar Land Rover Automotive

So on Jaguar Land Rover, the 1%, look, that is the low supply number, 1%. As we resupply, that number will increase during the course of the year. So whether it stays at 1% will really depend on speed of resupplies. When we do resupply, the products that are — the biggest order banks and the biggest demand will have the lowest VME, Range Rover, Range Rover Sport and Defender. So actually, I see us being in quite a healthy position in the foreseeable future because of resupply, some as to resupply and then those products are very, very sought after.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. I think the next question, Girish, this is about CV business. “Can you talk about fleet operator economics?” And Girish covered it quite extensively, so we’ll skip that. And also, “How our OEM discounting trend in the market?” Girish, do you want to talk about that?

Girish Wagh — Executive Director

Yes. So I think last year, we had two COVID waves, first one was in Q1 and the next one, a minor one was in Q3. And we know whenever the demand goes down, I think the OEMs keep on fighting for lower volume, which is available in the market. So those were the times when the discounts have gone up. But I think we should also keep one thing in mind that there has been significant price increase, which has happened during the last year due to the commodity price increases. And I think point-to-point price increase during last year has been upwards of 9%. And the pass-through within that has not been full, has been part of that, which is, therefore, led to increase in discount in absolute terms. But if you look at the movement from first January of this calendar year to now, I think gradually, the market operating prices are going up, which is, therefore, helping us to improve our realizations. And we have seen on the operator side, in terms of their economy, I think the freight rates have also been going up. So overall, we see improvement in their economics. And we’ve also been improving our realizations.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Yes. And just to amplify that point, if you noticed the waterfall that we had. Earlier, we used to be having under toward pricing of almost 500, 600 bps that we used to call out, that are now down to 200 bps. That speaks to the 200 bps there.

Next question is from Ronak Sarda, Systematix. I think that’s been covered. So let me skip that. So let me go to Priya Ranjan. Thierry, I think it’s probably coming your way. “Can you throw some light of the scope of tie up with NVIDIA? “Is the scope including existing programs or for the future EV program? Also, we are entering with — let me do a stop there and then go to the next question.

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

Yes. Well, the partnership we have with NVIDIA is really going to be visible in the next generation of cars, the EV cars, you’re absolutely right. And on all our products, actually, with state-of-the-art capabilities in terms of ADAS and [Indecipherable]. So we are working hard with them, and it goes very well. It’s very much on track.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. The next question, also to you. “We are entering with e-racing circuit, on direction that we already have the e-racing circuit. Just a question on the position of Jaguar. Do you want to position Jaguar as racing or fast vehicle based on e-type legacy?”

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

We want to reinvent completely our brand, of course, using the best of its legacies, but preparing and you wish that copy of nothing. But a copy of nothing means also — and because of the legacies, the great legacies of our brand, making such that we are agreeing to demonstrate an absolute technology superiority. And this is where in the EV world, what we are performing with e-racing is absolutely fantastic when you see the magnitude of what we can translate from truck to road. And we have plenty of examples that we are capitalizing on at the moment and even enhancing. So far, we can have the ultimate technologies in terms of electric drive train and, of course, specific controls, might that be battery management systems or electronic architecture and so forth. Without forgetting, of course, the absolutely from the technologies to make that happen.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Thierry. Next question, Shailesh, this is coming your way. This is coming from Priranjan from [Indecipherable]. “What has been our recent trend in R&D hiring for the company? And what kind of additional or new capability buildup are we doing? And in JLR, AVINYA, maybe let me first ask about AVINYA, what kind of voltage architectures are you planning for?”

Shailesh Chandra — President – Passenger Vehicles Business Unit

So as far as hiring in R&D is concerned, of course, we are going for major hiring, especially this year, but there is also another area, which we have looked into very deeply is upskilling, the current engineers within our R&D. And that’s going to be also a big component of how we are going to really expand our R&D base as far as our EV is concerned and also to a great extent on the CV, EV side.

As far as capabilities are concerned, there are many areas where we are starting to develop these capabilities, whether it is in the area of battery pack, BMS, motor design, new architecture, especially the pure EV as we have shown in the concept of AVINYA as well being from the area of electrical architecture. And there’s a lot of collaboration work, which will also happen with various Tata companies, JLR. So, capabilities will not be only, I want to say limited to within Tata Motors, but also seeing the opportunities of synergies with JLR as well as few other Tata companies, which are growing — which have a lot of capability in the area of software. So these are the areas where we are focusing on.

As far as AVINYA is concerned, what kind of voltage architecture? See, I would not like to preempt this at this stage when it is in the stage of onset development and engineering feasibility. But I would like to say that our choice of voltage architecture, which right now is in the range of 300 to 400 volt for Gen 1 and Gen 2, will depend on how the charging infra we are seeing are going to pan out, at what voltage levels and the state of grid as far as India is concerned. And also more importantly, the choices that we have as far as aggregates and subsystems are concerned for different voltage levels.

So we are definitely seeing a trend in luxury segments in all globally where its going to 800 volt. But right now in India, we see for quite some time that this will be in the zone of 300 to 400, where we get the sweet spot. So right now, as far as AVINYA is concerned, I’m not confirming that it is going to 300 to 400 volt, but these are the considerations that we are taking into account.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thanks, Shailesh. Thierry, do you want to add?

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

Great. Great answer from Shailesh. I would maybe just complement with a — and I’m going to resist the one double end. The one first of the incredible change in the value chain of this e-mobility compared to the previous ones, of course. Why? Because we need to really master some control pulls — you mentioned the sales, Balaji. We could mention the EDU, we could mention the inverter. We could mention the semiconductors, the strategic semiconductors, which are part of this new value chain. And it’s clear that mastering, controlling the value chain, which is not excluding from partnership is absolutely critical in order to manage not only the technological security, but also and even ultimately the customer satisfaction and [Indecipherable]. So that’s what is driving us.

So we are, of course, actually the people, that’s no doubt, we are hiring, and we are partnering in order to make it such that we are at the utmost level on these topics. It is absolutely true that the second point in my view is the way we can enhance and embrace the full ecosystem, which goes along with e-mobility, with the technological advanced capabilities that we have in order to manage not only the product, but also the services, but also a seamless experience, for example, when you are charging. And all that is very much part of everything we can share with the Tata Group, and one of the key point being, of course, software as you have rightly mentioned, Shailesh.

Pathamadai Balachandran Balaji — Chief Financial Officer, Tata Motors Group.

Thank you. I think with this, we come to the end of the questions that are there. I think the rest of the questions are basically a reframe of the earlier question. So we believe we have answered everything. But if, in any case, you believe that you would love to take a clarification on something else, feel free to reach out to our Investor Relations team, and we’ll be more than happy to address you on that one. Thanks a lot for attending the session. And thanks, gentlemen, for also your candid answers. So see you soon. Best wishes, everybody. Thank you.

Thierry Bollore — Non-Executive Director

Thank you.


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