Categories Research Summary

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (NSE: ONGC): Empowering India’s Energy Future.

Stock Data:

IndustryOil & Gas
Price Performance:
Last 5 Days+1.29%
Last 12 Months+17.26%
As on 19-06-2023

Company Description:

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India’s largest integrated oil and gas company engaged in the exploration, development, production, and refining of crude oil and natural gas. It was established in 1956 and operates under the administrative control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. ONGC plays a crucial role in meeting India’s energy needs and has a significant presence in both the upstream and downstream segments of the oil and gas industry.

ONGC’s operations include exploration and production activities both within India and internationally, refining and marketing of petroleum products through its subsidiaries, and a growing focus on renewable energy and sustainability initiatives. The company’s subsidiaries include Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL), among others.

Critical Success Factors:

  • The company operates more than 110 fields, including 32 offshore and 76 onshore fields in India. ONGC has a strong track record of discovering and developing oil and gas reserves, contributing significantly to India’s energy security. As of March 31, 2023, ONGC’s 2P (proved plus probable) reserves stood at 1,221 million tonnes of oil equivalent (MMtoe). The company produced 53 MMtoe of crude oil and natural gas during the fiscal year, with a target to increase production to 22.4 million tonnes of oil and 27.2 billion cubic meters of gas by FY26. ONGC is focused on maximizing production from existing fields, exploring new prospects, and leveraging advanced technologies to enhance recovery rates.
  • ONGC has a presence in the downstream sector through its subsidiaries, HPCL and MRPL. HPCL is one of the leading petroleum refining and marketing companies in India. ONGC acquired a majority stake in HPCL in 2018, allowing it to integrate its upstream and downstream operations and capture value across the entire hydrocarbon value chain. MRPL, located in Karnataka, operates a large-scale oil refinery and petrochemical complex. The downstream segment provides ONGC with diversification and revenue stability, as it can benefit from refining margins and marketing margins in addition to its upstream operations.
  • Sustainable and Green Energy Initiatives: Recognizing the global shift towards renewable energy and the need to reduce carbon emissions, ONGC has been actively investing in sustainable and green energy initiatives. The company aims to play a significant role in India’s transition to a low-carbon future. ONGC has set a target to achieve net-zero emissions for Scope 1 and Scope 2 by 2038. It aims to reduce its carbon footprint by adopting energy-efficient technologies, carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), and renewable energy sources. ONGC plans to invest in renewable energy projects, including solar, wind, and bioenergy. The company has set a target of installing 10 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity by 2030.
  • Research and Development: ONGC is actively involved in research and development (R&D) efforts to develop new technologies and solutions for cleaner and more efficient energy production. It collaborates with academic institutions, research organizations, and industry partners to drive innovation in the energy sector.

Key Challenges:

  • Regulatory Uncertainties: The oil and gas sector in India is subject to frequent policy changes and regulatory uncertainties, which can impact ONGC’s operations and profitability. Changes in taxation policies, pricing mechanisms, and regulatory frameworks pose challenges for the company.
  • Volatility in Crude Oil Prices: ONGC’s financial performance is significantly influenced by the volatility in crude oil prices. Fluctuations in global oil prices can impact the realization price of ONGC’s crude oil production, affecting its revenue and profitability.
  • Environmental and Sustainability Concerns: The global shift towards renewable energy and the growing focus on sustainability pose challenges for ONGC. The company needs to adapt and invest in green energy initiatives to stay relevant in a changing energy landscape.

Financial Performance:

In Q4FY23, ONGC reported a standalone operating profit of Rs. 16,340 crore, which was 19% below the estimated value. The lower-than-expected operating profit was primarily due to lower crude oil prices during the quarter. The company’s standalone revenue for the quarter stood at Rs. 29,234 crore. For the full fiscal year 2022-2023, ONGC’s standalone net profit was Rs. 18,920 crore, representing a decrease of 2.6% compared to the previous year. The decline was primarily attributed to lower crude oil prices and the imposition of a windfall tax on upstream oil producers by the Indian government. ONGC’s refining and marketing subsidiary, HPCL, reported a standalone net profit of Rs. 8,227 crore for the fiscal year, showing a substantial increase compared to the previous year.


ONGC’s long-term outlook remains favourable due to its strong reserves, production growth targets, and diversification into downstream operations. The company’s exploration successes, technological advancements, and integration of upstream and downstream operations provide a competitive advantage. However, the recent imposition of a windfall tax on upstream oil producers and the normalization of crude oil prices may impact ONGC’s earnings in the near term. Additionally, regulatory uncertainties and the need to transition to renewable energy pose risks to the company.

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